NATO mulls €100 billion military fund for Ukraine

KENZO TRIBOUILLARD/ AFP

NATO foreign ministers were set to meet on Wednesday to discuss how to put military support for Ukraine on a long-term footing, including a proposal for a €100 billion ($107 billion) five-year fund and a plan seen as a way to "Trump-proof" aid for Kyiv.

The proposals by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg would give the Western alliance a more direct role in coordinating the supply of arms, ammunition and equipment to Ukraine as it fights Russia's invasion, diplomats say.

The plans will be discussed during a two-day meeting in Brussels that will celebrate the 75th anniversary of the founding of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and prepare for a July summit of alliance leaders in Washington.

"We need to shift the dynamics of our support," Stoltenberg said as he arrived at the meeting.

"We must ensure reliable and predictable security assistance to Ukraine for the long haul, so that we rely less on voluntary contributions and more on NATO commitments. Less on short-term offers and more on multi-year pledges."

He said ministers would discuss how NATO could assume more responsibility for coordinating military equipment and training for Ukraine. He declined to confirm levels of funding and said the aim was for a decision to be taken at the July summit.

Under the plans, NATO would take over some coordination work from a US-led ad-hoc coalition known as the Ramstein group - a move designed in part to guard against any cut in US support if Donald Trump returns to the White House, diplomats said.

Until now, NATO as an organisation has focused on non-lethal aid for Ukraine out of fears that a more direct role could trigger an escalation of tensions with Russia. Its members have provided billions of dollars in arms on a bilateral basis.

Diplomats said there was a growing view within NATO that it was time to put military aid to Ukraine on a more sustainable footing and NATO was best placed to do that.

Some said that threats by Russian President Vladimir Putin that he would regard various steps taken by NATO allies as escalatory - such as providing tanks and other advanced weapons systems - had not led to retaliation against them.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who will attend the Brussels meeting, said in Paris on Tuesday that NATO was looking at measures that could serve as the "necessary bridge" to membership of the alliance for Ukraine.

NATO has stated that Ukraine cannot join while it is at war with Russia but that it will become a member at some point.

"Ukraine will become a member of NATO. It is a question of when, not if," Stoltenberg said on Wednesday.

SECURITY AGREEMENT

Meanwhile, Finland's President Alexander Stubb on Wednesday visited Ukraine where he and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy signed an agreement on security cooperation and long-term support between the two countries, Stubb's office said in a statement.

The deal covers a range of topics including political support, backing for Ukraine's defence and security and support for Ukrainian reforms and reconstruction.

"The ten-year agreement is proof of Finland's long-term commitment to supporting Ukraine," Stubb's office said.

Stubb also told Zelenskiy that Finland would send another package of defence materials with an estimated value of around €188 million ($203 million), taking the total Finnish contribution since 2022 to around €2 billion.

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